This is perhaps a little late for Easter 2012 but in good time for 2013. Again, I’ve not made these before but they turned out really well and we’re liked by all. This is a slightly modified recipe of the BBC original.
Hot Cross Buns
For the buns
625 g strong white flour
8 g salt
2 tsp mixed spice
45 g butter
85 g sugar
Zest of 1 lemon
10 g dried yeast
275 ml warm milk
150 g raisins
And for the topping
2 tbsp plain flour
2 tbsp golden syrup
Start by sieving the flour, salt and mixed spice into a large bowl. Rub the butter in the flour.
In a separate smaller bowl, mix the milk, sugar, yeast and lemon zest. Leave it for 10 minutes or until you can see that the yeast has started.
Combine above in the larger bowl and add your raisins at the same time.
Once properly mixed, knead for 5-7 minutes.
Leave it to rise for at least an hour or until doubled in size.
Knock it back, divide into 16 equal size little balls and place them on a lightly buttered baking tray. (I do the division by splitting in twos.)
Cover the baking tray with cling film and leave in a warm place for 30-60 minutes or until they’ve risen nicely. Mine took quite a while so be patient.
Pre heat your oven to 240° Celsius or ‘rather high’ gas mark.
While waiting for your oven to heat, mix 2 tablespoons of plain flour and a little bit of water in to a paste and spoon into a piping bag.
Use the paste to draw a cross on the buns.
Bake for 10-15 minutes or until golden brown and ready.
Once out of the oven, brush the buns with warmed up golden syrup for that distinctive glaze.
Let them cool down for five minutes or enjoy straight away.
Or well, east at least if you’re standing in the Western Europe. If I look back at my childhood and what I remember Easter for it has to be these two things; mämmi and paskha. Mämmi is a Finnish dessert that–how should I say this–doesn’t travel well because of its appearance. (Go ahead, click on the link and you’ll understand)
The second, paskha, traveled well into Finland from Russia back when we used to be part of the empire and get more influences from the Eastern Orthodox church.
Paskha or Pascha is a festal dish made in Eastern Orthodox countries of those foods which are forbidden during the fast of Great Lent. It is made during Holy Week and then brought to church on Great Saturday to be blessed after the Paschal Vigil. The name of the dish comes from Pascha, the Eastern Orthodox celebration of Easter.
It’s been part of my family’s Easter celebrations for as long as I remember and probably my favourite thing about the season. Of course, as a Finn, I should pick mämmi but try both side by side and tell me this isn’t better.
Without further ado, here’s my mums recipe for paskha.
250 g formage frais or quark (try and find the full fat versions of these, really makes a big difference)
Gently whip the cream for a minute or two. You’re not trying to make whipped cream, just to give a bit more body
In a large bowl, mix all the ingredients together really well
Pour in to a paskha mold (more on this later), cover and place in the fridge for at least 12 hours or over night
I don’t actually have a paskha mould and wasn’t able to get one for this Easter. I made mine in a coffee filter holder with the filter in the place. If you do this, remember to wet the filter before pouring in your mixture. Traditionally paskha is made in a wooden mould that gives it its distinctive shape (see below). You can of course use anything that’s suitable as a mould. One thing is that excess fluid must be able to strain away so muslin and a hole in the bottom is needed. Maybe try a flower pot? This recipe filled a regular sized coffee filter and there was a little bit extra.
This is again one of my mums old recipes. I’ve made it time and a time again, always with great success. Only little addition I made this time is the pool of chocolate sauce it sits in. I’ve been off sweets and chocolate for almost two and a half months now so any reason to incorporate a bit of chocolate in a cake, I’ll take it.
Spiced Cake or Maustekakku as it’s called in Finnish
Hazzle free cake with chocolate sauce.
450 ml plain flour
300 ml soft brown sugar
2 tsp baking soda
5 tsp mixed spice
2-3 apples, grated
200 ml sour cream
100 g melted butter
Gently mix all the ingredients
Bake in the oven at 175°C for one hour
Let it cool down for 30 minutes and pour chocolate sauce on top. Generously.
200 g milk chocolate
100 ml double cream
1 knob of butter
Heat up the cream and butter
Once they they’re almost at boil, turn of the heat and mix in the chocolate
Pea soup is a traditional Thursday food in Finland. The tradition goes back all the way to the 15th Century when Finland used to be Catholic. People used to fast on Fridays so it was important to eat something nutritious and filling the day before. Although Finland became Lutheran in the 16th Century, the tradition lived on. Today many schools and the Army serve pea soup on a Thursday. For the same reasons, pea soup is also eaten on Shrove Tuesday, day before the fast begins.
Most pea soup eaten in modern day Finland is made with dried peas and is sold in 400 gram tins. As my corner shop doesn’t carry any dried peas, I decided to make up the recipe with fresh ones. Better for it. The soup turned out lovely, fresh but also sweet and filling. I’ve not added any ham to keep this vegetarian but if you feel like it, throw in a couple of handfuls of diced ham about a minute before taking it off the heat.
Fresh Pea Soup
500 g fresh frozen peas
500 ml vegetable stock
knob of butter
1 tsp mustard
1/3 tsp white pepper
Sauté the chopped onions with the butter for about four minutes
Meanwhile, place the egg in boiling water for 10 minutes
Add the stock, peas, a pinch of salt, white pepper and the mustard
Bring it back to boil and once it does, leave it to simmer for another four minutes
Blitz with a hand mixer until almost smooth
Serve with half a hard boiled egg
Garnish with small basil or mint leave but don’t use olive oil as I did. It just doesn’t go with it
I’ve tagged this as vegan which it obviously isn’t. But if you substitute butter with vegetable oil and leave the egg out, the pea soup suddenly become suitable for vegan diets. This recipe serves two as a main or four as a starter.
As most thing we do, my pizza sauce is going through a perpetual rebirth. 2011 draws to a close and this is now my favourite. This recipe makes for about 3-5 pizzas, depending on how long you let it simmer and how much you use. Worry not if you make too much, it makes a perfect pasta sauce the next day.
Pizza Sauce version: #6 // Dec 2011
Clove of garlic, finely chopped
Tin of plum tomatoes (400 g)
30 g tomato pure
About 10 basil leaves, chopped
1/2 tbsp sugar
Fry the garlic in the oil for a few minutes on medium heat
Mean while, pour the plum tomatoes in to bowl and properly crush them with your fingers
Add chilli in with the garlic and then the tomatoes
Mix well, add tomato pure and mix again
Add sugar in small increments, tasting each time to make sure it doesn’t go too sweet
Throw in your chopped up basil leaves and let it simmer till excess water has evaporated
Last summer, we had a lovely dinner at Fishers in the City, a very nice fish restaurant in Edinburgh. I can’t remember what I had but Darina’s starter was much more memorable; gherkin soup. I had never heard of such soup before and apart from few recipes online, it’s not well know. Perhaps that’s because gherkins aren’t as popular in much of English speaking world as they are in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.
This recipe is a sort of a combination of the few I could find, taking the best bits and keeping it very simple. Unlike many vegetarian soups I think the gherkins bring a bit more body and distinct flavour.
We had this as the soup course on our Christmas meal this year. It’s great as it’s easy to make, I’ll make mine in the morning and heat it up for serving.
Polish Gherkin Soup with Dill
120 g diced onions
150 g diced potatoes
150 g diced carrots
150 g gherkin, sliced into strips
5 tbsp cream
1 tsp vegetable stock powder
1/2 tbsp dill
Heat butter in a small sauce pan and lightly fry the onions in it for 3 minutes or until soft. Be careful not to brown them
Add potatoes and carrots, and generously cover with water
Bring to boil and let it simmer till carrots are almost cooked
In a small bowl, dust the sliced gherkins with flour so they’re covered and then add to the pan
Add cream, stock and seasoning to taste. Omit dill if gherkins are preserved with it. You can also use a splash of gherkin brine to enhance the flavour
You can also add a little bit of finely chopped red chillies to add warmth
These two casserole dishes are must-haves in Finnish Christmas table. They’re side dishes to the main but especially carrot casserole would make a great vegetarian main anytime of the year.
75 ml rice
200 ml water (or water carrots were boiled in)
350 ml milk
500 g carrors, sliced and boiled
1 tsp salt
pinch of white pepper
pinch of nutmeg
1/2 tbsp syrup
breadcrumbs and butter for crusting
Start by boiling the carrots in barely enough water.
Keep the water and use it to boil your rice. Once rice has absorbed all the water, add milk and simmer on lowest heat for 45 minutes.
Mash your carrots and add other ingredients. I usually add rice last, little by little, and make sure there’s not too much of it. You can make this as little or much ‘carroty’ as you want.
Divide in batter into two, buttered, tin foil trays. This will make two roughly 400 gram trays. Level the tray and sprinkle breadcrumbs on top. Bake for 45 minutes in 200°C with a knob of butter on top.
Preparation time: 1 hour
Cooking time: 50 minute(s)
Number of servings (yield): 6 as a side
Swede (or Rutabaga) Casserole
650 g swede, diced
120 ml cream
40 ml breadcrumbs (plus extra for topping)
2 tbsp golden syrup
1 large egg
1/2 tsp salt
1/4 tsp nutmeg
pinch of white pepper
Boil your swede and mash when ready
Add other ingredients and mix well
(Sometimes swedes (and Swedes) can be a bit bitter, if so add more syrup)
Divide into two buttered tin foil trays. This should make two 400 gram trays
Level the tray and sprinkle breadcrumbs on top. Bake for 45 minutes in 200°C with a knob of butter on top.
Here’s some photos from our pizza night next door at our family/friends place next door (well, next door once you’ve traveled to my home in Finland). I got to try making pizzas in a traditional Finnish ‘leivinuuni’, a type of bread oven. How was it? Well, I’ve called off all my meetings/work next week and we’ll be building one!
UPDATE: I actually have spent a large portion of last year designing a new type of wood fired oven called Uuni
Following on from my dough recipe last week, it’s time to spread some sauce on our pizza.
Relatively Quick and Easy Pizza Sauce
The sauce is a balancing act between sweet, salt, heat and, of course, quality of the tomatoes. It might take a bit of experimenting and trying out but as long as you don’t boil it for too long and are careful with seasoning, you’ll be fine.
clove of garlic
2 tins of good quality plum tomatoes
140 g tomato purée
2 tbsp of sugar
1/2 tsp chillie flakes
Salt and pepper
Heat a few tablespoons of olive oil in a large sauce pan, add roughly chopped garlic and onion.
Fry for 3 minutes or until they start changing colour a little.
Add sugar and stir until the onions start caramelising, minute or two at longest.
Pour in your tinned tomatoes and stir so the tomatoes break up. (Get the best plum tomatoes your money can by. Napolitana are available in most places and are pretty good.)
Mix in tomato purée.
Add seasoning, chillie flakes and basil, simmer for 6-8 minutes.
Want that special vegetarian friend or wife to love you even more? Try this excellently simple and pretty quick mushroom pâté. You can serve it hot straight off the pan or keep it in the fridge for a fair few days. Excellent on top of some toasted French bread.
Vegetarian Mushroom Pâté
150 g oyster mushrooms
150 g button mushrooms
3 Spring onions
2 tbsp sour cream
Fry chopped mushrooms, spring onion, garlic and shallots in a bit of butter and on low heat until they stop giving moisture. Be careful not to let them get brown.
Half way through above, add basil, thyme and seasoning.
Mix in mustard and sour cream.
Take off the heat after about a minute or so
Divide into ramekins and garnish with a sprig of thyme.